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Following the American Psychological Association’s Guidelines

By:   •  December 25, 2018  •  Term Paper  •  564 Words (3 Pages)  •  101 Views

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Art History

Following the American Psychological Association’s Guidelines

Student’s Name



  1. I do agree with the current interpretations of Bosch’s garden of Delights. This is clearly a representation of a sexually perverted nation with the sexually alluring women and men trying to entice them. The fruits also greatly increase in the sexual perversion. However, human beings have been given the chance to choose what they want to do with their lives and the owl represents both folly and wisdom. Those who succumb to their folly have the same destiny, which is suffering in hell.
  2. The two main painting characteristics embraced by the painters in the 16th century is the tempera and oil painting. The main problem of tempera is that it dried as soon as it was applied. Due to this, major care had to be taken to ensure no errors as these would be hard to correct.

Oil painting, on the other hand took time before drying out and during this time, the painter could easily make any necessary corrections. It also cleared up traces of the brush, smoothening out the surface. Oil painting could also easily make luminous traces for reflective surfaces. For this reason oil painting was embraced more by Flemish painters. It is also notable that the painters are now embracing use of household objects to make a spiritual representation.

  1. In Durer’s, Adam and Eve, man succumbed to sin and he becomes prone to four different types of body fluid imbalances, all which led to suffering and an unhappy life. This draws from the Northern European painting traditions, where both show that man has been released to free will, choosing where to live right or wrong.

In both, choosing to do wrong leads to extreme suffering and pain. In the Northern European paintings, sin led to hell, where there is endless suffering. Durer’s painting, on the other hand indicate that sin leads to physical and emotional pain, which resulted in an unhappy life.

  1. During the Protestant reformation, religious paintings were refuted in the claims that these were idolizations of Christianity. Top reformers claimed that Christianity is more about individual faith and not imposed faith as the art tried to claim.

War broke out between Christians and protestants and with the win on protestants, catholic artists has to run away while others turned to more secular art and portraiture. The situation had been so bad that the current religious images and sculptures were destroyed.


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