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Mao Zedong's Human Rights Thought During the New Democratic Revolution

By:   •  November 28, 2018  •  Thesis  •  2,100 Words (9 Pages)  •  154 Views

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Key words: Mao Zedong Human Rights Thought New Democracy Revolution

Abstract of the paper: The period of the new democratic revolution. Mao Zedong’s human rights thoughts are rich in content and unique in character; in different periods of the revolution. His human rights ideas present different themes. Analysis of the characteristics of Mao Zedong's human rights thought during the new democratic revolution will be of great significance for building a socialist human rights system with Chinese characteristics.

Mao Zedong has always attached great importance to human rights issues. There are many incisive statements about human rights issues in his writings. It constitutes Mao Zedong's unique human rights thinking. During the new democratic revolution. Mao Zedong’s human rights ideology includes ways to treat the people’s rights to subsistence, national equality, women’s human rights and the human rights of prisoners of war, relevant policies and safeguards. Mao Zedong is based on a deep understanding of the practice of the Chinese revolution and judges the situation. Flexibly change the main content of human rights issues in different periods of the revolution. This is determined by the different objects of the revolution and is also the embodiment of the strategic strategy in Mao Zedong Thought. It can be said. Mao Zedong’s human rights thought was formed step by step and constantly improved in the practice of the revolutionary war.

First, the early days of the new democratic revolution. The theme of Mao Zedong’s human rights thought is the right to life

Human rights first manifested as the right to life. Includes the right to life, liberty and security. It is the basic living guarantee that the people should have to eat and wear. Before the Great Revolution, young Mao Zedong began to worry deeply about the human rights situation of the working people. He started by opposing "natural rights." It is believed that the realization of human rights depends on the strength of the people themselves to actively fight for it. In China, a semi-colonial and semi-feudal society, this kind of struggle cannot be a peaceful way. It can only be a military struggle. Mao Zedong not only sympathized with the peasants, but also sympathized with the labor. I believe that labor should also fight for human rights on its own. At the beginning of 1922, Mao Zedong emphasized that three things should be paid attention to the labor. One is that "one should have the right to save the food of his life when he can't work in the old and the young." This is the right to life. It is the labor rights of labor, and the third is the labor all rights of labor.

During the Great Revolution, Mao Zedong also believed that only the broad masses of peasants were mobilized in their "Report on the Investigation of Hunan Peasant Movement", so that they had a strong desire for basic human rights, and thus deprived of various human rights under feudal rule. A strong resistance can promote the development of the revolution. Therefore, he said that the peasant movement is "very good" visible. At this time, the theme of Mao Zedong’s human rights thought was the right to subsistence. His claim awakened the revolutionary consciousness of Chinese workers and peasants who slumbered themselves for human rights because of the suppression of thousands of years. The struggle of the Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China for democracy and human rights has an enlightening role.

Second, during the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression. The theme of Mao Zedong’s human rights thought changed into national independence

National independence refers to the state’s handling of domestic affairs and its decision to relations with other members of the international community. There is an independent right that is not subject to any foreign jurisdiction. This is the embodiment of national sovereignty in foreign relations. Mao Zedong was in the long years leading the Chinese revolution and construction. We are always striving to realize the Chinese people’s greatest human rights, the right to independence. After the "September 18th" Incident, the national crisis has deepened and it is at a critical juncture in saving the picture. The main content of the old Chinese human rights has also presented new features. It is not only manifested in the liberation of class but also in the liberation of the nation. Mao Zedong was keenly aware that at this time China must safeguard human rights and must strive for the independence and liberation of the country. How to oppose Japanese imperialism was the primary prerequisite and important way for the Chinese people to realize human rights at that time. In a colonial and semi-colonial country, there would be no human rights without state power. To fight for national liberation, we must deal with the relationship between human rights and the war of resistance. The contradiction between imperialism and the Chinese nation. The contradiction between feudalism and the masses of the people is the main contradiction of modern Chinese society. Therefore, imperialism and feudalism are the two main enemies of the Chinese people's struggle for human rights. Mao Zedong has long analyzed and demonstrated this indisputable fact. He has pointed out sharply that "China lacks a lot of things, but the main thing is that there are two things missing: one is independence. The other is democracy." This shows that the overthrow of imperialist colonial rule and the independence and liberation of the Chinese nation. Destroying the oppression of feudal autocracy, striving for democracy and freedom of the people, and establishing the political power of the proletariat have historically become the most fundamental human rights requirements of the Chinese people. In the extraordinary period of Japanese imperialist aggression against China. Mao Zedong explicitly opposed the imperialists and the right to independence. As the theme of the Chinese people's struggle for human rights during the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression. He believes that in the emergency of the survival of the nation. "The contradiction between imperialism and the Chinese nation is the most important contradiction among all kinds of contradictions." "The imperialist national oppression is the greatest oppression, and thus imperialism is the first and most ferocious enemy of the Chinese people." Therefore, overthrowing imperialism and striving for national independence is the first. Only by gaining the independence of the state can we provide preconditions for safeguarding the basic human rights of the Chinese people and realizing comprehensive human rights. He accurately grasped the theme of human rights and pointed out the direction of the struggle for human rights for the Chinese people during the Anti-Japanese War. 3. During the War of Liberation, Mao Zedong’s human rights thoughts became more and more perfect. The main content is the freedom of democracy

The great practice of leading the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression is a shining example of Mao Zedong’s correct grasp of the theme of human rights. After the end of the Anti-Japanese War, the Kuomintang and Chiang Kai-shek provoked a civil war against the people. Mao Zedong also led the Chinese people in the struggle against feudalism and the struggle for democracy and freedom. The feudal landlord class is the main social foundation for imperialism to rule China. To achieve complete victory against imperialism, to strive for national independence, and to achieve all human rights struggles, we must oppose feudalism and strive for the right to democracy and freedom, as Comrade Mao Zedong pointed out: "People The freedoms of speech, publishing, assembly, association, thought, faith and body are the most important freedoms. In China, only the liberated areas are completely realized." This is the practice of fascism with Chiang Kai-shek in the Kuomintang area. Arbitrary arrests, imprisonment, massacres of workers, students and other patriotic democrats, and the people’s lack of democratic rights and personal freedom are in stark contrast. Similarly, the policies and decrees of the Liberated Areas Government clearly stipulate that people's rights such as “freedom from economic poverty, freedom from ignorance and unhealthyness” are guaranteed. It is also a clear contrast with Chiang Kai-shek's implementation of inflation policy in the Kuomintang area. This has made the liberated areas led by the party a symbol and hope for the people of the whole country to fight for human rights, which greatly promoted the historical process in which the people of the whole country defeated the reactionary forces of the United States and Chiang Kai-shek under the banner of the party and liberated the whole of China.


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