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Abnormal Psychology - Schizophrenia

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Melinda McCloud

Psychology 212-50

June 29, 2011

Topic: Schizophrenia

Reference: Abnormal Psychology

        People with schizophrenia disorder display in appropriate emotions, shifts in moods. Many people with schizophrenia have a blunted effect they show less anger, sadness and joy. Some show almost no emotion. Schizophrenia is a challenging disorder that makes it difficult to distinguish between what is real and unreal. Schizophrenia can be managed successfully if you follow the proper protocol. First step is identifying the signs and the symptoms. The second step is to seek help as soon as possible; the third step is to stick with the treatment the physician has recommended. While long term treatment maybe required, the outlook for this disorder is not hopeless. When treated properly, many people with schizophrenia are able to enjoy life and function within their families and communities.

        Causes of schizophrenia are not completely known. It appears that schizophrenia usually results from a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Schizophrenia has a strong hereditary component. Individuals with a parent or sibling who has schizophrenia have a ten percent chance of developing the disorder. Schizophrenia is only influenced by genetics, not determined by it. Sixty percent of schizophrenia has no family members with the disorder. Individuals who are genetically predisposed to schizophrenia don’t always develop the disease, which shows that biology is not destiny. Relationships, alcohol and drug abuse, increased suicide risk, and disruption to normal daily activities are possible effects of schizophrenia. Treatment options for schizophrenia disorder are medication therapy, and a strong support network. Through therapy, people can develop social and work skills to s and relationships. People with schizophrenia disorder have to try more than one drug to partially or completely control the positive symptoms, hallucinations, delusions, paranoia and racing thoughts.  Commonly prescribed medications are referred to as antipsychotics the help to decrease the intensity of psychotic symptoms. Psychosocial is also a treatment for schizophrenia disorder. Psychosocial treatments help schizophrenia patient’s deal with everyday challenges of the illness. Family education: it’s important that family members know as much as possible about the disease. Family members can learn coping strategies and problem solving skills. Family can make sure their loved one sticks with the treatment and stays on his or her medications. Once patients learn basic facts about their condition, they can make informed decisions about their care.  


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